Steven I. Wilkinson
Army and Nation: The Military and Indian Democracy Since Independence
May 25, 2019 Comments.. 639
Army and Nation The Military and Indian Democracy Since Independence At Indian independence in the country s founders worried that the army India inherited conservative and dominated by officers and troops drawn disproportionately from a few martial groups posed

  • Title: Army and Nation: The Military and Indian Democracy Since Independence
  • Author: Steven I. Wilkinson
  • ISBN: 9780674728806
  • Page: 491
  • Format: Hardcover
  • At Indian independence in 1947, the country s founders worried that the army India inherited conservative and dominated by officers and troops drawn disproportionately from a few martial groups posed a real threat to democracy They also saw the structure of the army, with its recruitment on the basis of caste and religion, as incompatible with their hopes for a new sAt Indian independence in 1947, the country s founders worried that the army India inherited conservative and dominated by officers and troops drawn disproportionately from a few martial groups posed a real threat to democracy They also saw the structure of the army, with its recruitment on the basis of caste and religion, as incompatible with their hopes for a new secular nation.India has successfully preserved its democracy, however, unlike many other colonial states that inherited imperial divide and rule armies, and unlike its neighbor Pakistan, which inherited part of the same Indian army in 1947 As Steven I Wilkinson shows, the puzzle of how this happened is even surprising when we realize that the Indian Army has kept, and even expanded, many of its traditional martial class units, despite promising at independence to gradually phase them out.Army and Nation draws on uniquely comprehensive data to explore how and why India has succeeded in keeping the military out of politics, when so many other countries have failed It uncovers the command and control strategies, the careful ethnic balancing, and the political, foreign policy, and strategic decisions that have made the army safe for Indian democracy Wilkinson goes further to ask whether, in a rapidly changing society, these structures will survive the current national conflicts over caste and regional representation in New Delhi, as well as India s external and strategic challenges.

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    1 Blog on “Army and Nation: The Military and Indian Democracy Since Independence

    1. Sumit says:

      This book is interesting but it has one big glaring issue, it is at times feels painfully long and excessively repetitive. The author makes some good points but putting same concept with different grammar doesn't make for a happy reading. Having said that I must put it on record that it provides a very good account of civil military relationship history in India specially post independence and presents a nice case of why its different than Pakistan. The points mentioned can be summed up as follo [...]

    2. Rajat Yadav says:

      An enjoyable read in the genre of Civil Military Relations in India. The book talks about the outlook of the Indian Army post independence and the political interventions that went into shaping it.Though the book is well researched and substantiates on certain issues with well represented stats, theoretically it explores the issue of a civil military relations by drawing a contrast with the Pakistani Army, thus limiting the scope of research to 'coup-proofing' attempts. Also, the book seems to u [...]

    3. Abdul says:

      Steven Wilkinson wrote about the history of the Indian army, especially the way its politicians 'coup-proofed' the institution. It is a valuable lesson for political science students in the coup-prone developing countries.

    4. Mohak Mangal says:

      Tries to answer the question: why did Pakistan's military become so involved in its politics than that of India's, despite being part of the same army pre-independence. I would have liked if the book had two changes: 1. Wilkinson focusses too much on Indian and less on Pakistan. It goes into details about how decisions were taken by Indian policymakers post-1947 to counter the Indian army, but doesn't go into any detail about the same in Pakistan2. At the same time, he covers some arguments in a [...]

    5. Imran says:

      This book explores the relationship of the Indian army and the democratic polity. It elaborates on what goes into making an army that perforce protects the country but is also itself not a threat to the civilian government.The fundamental question this book sets to answer is, what kept the army from attempting a military coup the way the army in Pakistan did. It explains the measures taken in the early years after independence that prevented such a situation from arising. Although a tad bit heav [...]

    6. Satya Kalyanpur says:

      This book provides a comprehensive account of civil-military relationship. It captures your interests on Indian history- pre and post independence regarding its military status. It reasons out, compares why Pak, and not India as yet, has managed military coup, although being trained under British Raj, similar to the Indian army. It is repetitive, and can make it a slow read though.

    7. Gokul Gr says:

      A must read for all bureaucrats and politicians on statecraft

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